Religions predating the bible


The many gods of the religions of the ancient world fulfilled this function as specialists in their respective areas.In some cultures, a certain god or goddess would become so popular that he or she would transcend the cultural understanding of multiplicity and assume a position so powerful and all-encompassing as to almost transform a polytheistic culture to henotheistic.It is most probable that every culture developed its own belief in supernatural entities to explain natural phenomena (day and night, the seasons) or to help make sense of their lives and the uncertain state humans find themselves in daily.While it may be an interesting exercise in cultural exchange to attempt tracing the origins of religion, it does not seem a very worthwhile use of one's time, when it seems fairly clear that the religious impulse is simply a part of the human condition and different cultures in different parts of the world could have come to the same conclusions about the meaning of life independently.The responsibility of the dwellers of Mesopotamian cities was to provide the gods with everything they needed to run the world.(11) Humans were created, in fact, for this very purpose: to work with and for the gods toward a mutually beneficial end.While polytheism means the worship of many gods, henotheism means the worship of one god in many forms.

The temples were the center of the city's life throughout Mesopotamian history from the Akkadian Empire (c. Although the gods took great care of humans while they lived, the Mesopotamian afterlife was a dreary underworld, located beneath the far mountains, where souls drank stale water from puddles and ate dust for eternity in the 'land of no return.' This bleak view of their eternal home was markedly different from that of the Egyptians.Monotheism did not make sense to the ancient people aside from the visionaries and prophets of Judaism.


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